Changing the Face of Education in Kashmir


Institute Name - Rupantar

01-May-2018

Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramula, Kulgam, Ganderbal, Budgam, Pulwama, Kupwara, Bandipora and Shopian, Jammu & Kashmir

A Day in a RUPANTAR Trainer’s Life

The trainers of Sri Aurobindo Society are risking their all to encourage teachers to adopt and share innovative teaching methodology to transform education even in the disturbed conditions of the valley.

On a quiet, dull day, Reetesh Gupta was busy conducting his teachers’ training session as usual. Little did he know that he would witness something so life-changing that he had only heard of in news and films. 

Addressing a group of government teachers in Avantipura block of Kashmir about innovations in teaching that can help develop the quality of education in state-run schools, Gupta was suddenly swamped by stone pelting carried out by some disgruntled locals protesting the training session during a strike call.

“The protesters were hurling stones from all directions. Everybody ran to hide themselves. I stood numb for a while as I could not understand what was happening. Thereafter I hid myself beneath the podium and stayed there for 15–20 minutes,” recalls Gupta, Capacity-Building Trainer of Sri Aurobindo Society.

He said that he decided to be strong and stare adversary in the face. To resume the training after the stone pelting ended, he regained his composure and came back to his station in the front of the class. To punish him for his brave stance, Gupta faced stone pelting on his way back to Srinagar and hurt his back.

“It was madness. I was in a shock for a while but I am ready to take the session again as it is for a good cause, for the betterment of education in this disturbed region,” he added.

Gupta is one of the 21 trainers of the Society that took up the mission under its Zero Investment Innovations for Education Initiatives (ZIIEI) to improve the quality of education in government-run schools in the state of Jammu and Kashmir.

The Journey of RUPANTAR and ZIIEI

Zero Investment Innovations for Education Initiatives (ZIIEI), which is part of Sri Aurobindo Society’s nation-wide education transformation programme RUPANTAR, aims to sensitize the teachers about the critical need for innovations in teaching and educate them about the potential of innovation that require zero investment in terms of money.

The teachers were introduced to selected 11 best practices in teaching, including children’s parliament, learning through games, art and craft for holistic development, simplified English teaching, concept mapping and future envisioning during the on-going training session that started from April 6, 2018.

Till now, 6,300 teachers from 10 districts of Kashmir have been given orientation training for introducing these techniques in teaching to make learning more joyful and engaging. They are also encouraged to share their best practices in teaching so that they can be scaled up to millions of schools across the country. Even in this short duration, 3,000 innovative ideas have been submitted by teachers during or after the training sessions in Kashmir.

The districts include Srinagar, Anantnag, Baramula, Kulgam, Ganderbal, Budgam, Pulwama, Kupwara, Bandipora and Shopian.

Abhishek Srivastav, who was leading the team of trainers, said, “We motivate the teachers to be a part of the programme and give their ideas in teaching that aids to the overall development of children.”

He feels that teachers in Kashmir have a tough job at hand as compared to other states in the country given the volatile situation in the region.

The on-going insurgency has hampered the development of the region, affecting tourism, agriculture, industry but above all education. The unrest often leads to curfews resulting in the closure of schools for months at a stretch. The state of education in the valley is in shambles due to recent burning of schools and continuous clampdowns.

Venturing into Kashmir was a conscious decision by Sri Aurobindo Society as children there are facing a lot of mental pressure leading to a surge in the drop-out rates of students.

“ZIIEI innovations not only make education interesting and engaging but aim at the overall development of children by adopting a holistic approach toward teaching. This approach is especially important at a place like Kashmir where children witness protests and violence at a daily basis, restricting their mental growth,” Sambhrant, Director (Education), Sri Aurobindo Society, said.

Children are the building blocks of a nation and if they are not guided well and given proper education, the country’s progress ceases. It is imperative for a nation to have a well-read, aware next generation that can contribute to its development. This can only be achieved if the schools and teachers focus on the all-round development of children from the primary level.

In the words of Nazir Ahmad Dar, a primary teacher in Bandipora district of Kashmir, “Teachers here want to do a lot to help students excel and find their potential but whatever time we get with them, we focus on completing the syllabus and preparing them for exams.”

Jabeena, a primary school teacher in Srinagar, said, “Good things do not reach us due to the circumstances we live in. Students suffer a lot due this volatile situation in the valley. This is the first time that someone has come to us with so much of useful information.”

She said she was hopeful of bringing changes in her teaching after attending the training session.

“We can bring a drastic improvement in the teaching methods if we introduce these small changes in our day-to-day routine,” she added.